Supplement with estimates of the triple burden of disease in Brazil

Publicação: 3 de February de 2022

.

The supplement of the Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical (https://www.scielo.br/j/rsbmt/i/2022.v55suppl1/) that presents the studies published on the triple burden of disease in Brazil in 2019 has been launched.

The supplement constitutes a partnership that involves the GBD Brasil Network – Global Burden of Diseases, the Journal of the Brazilian Society of Tropical Medicine, the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) of the University of Washington, and several Brazilian Universities such as: Minas Gerais, University of Brasília, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Fiocruz, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Federal University of Ouro Preto, Federal University of Goiás, Federal University of Santa Catarina, University of the South of Santa Catarina, Secretariat of Surveillance in Health/MS and others.

The diversity of topics in the articles in the supplement reflects the triple burden of disease in Brazil, illustrated by the concomitance of infectious, chronic and externally-caused diseases. “We used estimates from the Global Burden Disease (GBD) study, the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) and the Mortality Information System (SIM). We analyzed data on 360 diseases and injuries and 84 risk factors by age and sex. GBD estimates are important for the standardization of methods, enabling the comparison between the states, the temporal evolution, and thus supporting both the correct understanding of the country’s health problems, and the planning of health actions”. comment the authors

Among the analyzes presented in the supplement, there are articles that address metabolic risk factors such as arterial hypertension and obesity, and behavioral and modifiable risk factors (tobacco, alcohol, physical inactivity, inadequate diet), which account for the increased burden Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases (Cardiovascular, chronic respiratory, cancer and diabetes); high disability burden from low back pain, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout in Brazil; cancer. For the first time, oral health topics were analyzed; such as edentulism, periodontitis and dental caries and on the use of cocaine.

The burden of violence in the country is known in five articles with different approaches. Such as mortality due to femicide in Brazil, the high mortality in traffic with increased mortality rates in motorcycle traffic, in addition to articles on mortality due to suicide. Even among the elderly.

Regarding infectious diseases, the article on HIV analyzes the positive impact of prevention measures introduced by public policies for access to diagnosis and antiretroviral treatment on infection and studies on the Covid-19 pandemic, pointing out the excess of death during the pandemic. , as well as the reduction of hospital admissions for other chronic diseases, such as CVD, respiratory and cancer in the pandemic period.

On February 14 at 5 pm there will be the launch of the Journal, on the youtube channel of the UFMG School of Nursing, with the presence of authors. The event is intended for undergraduate and graduate students, professors and researchers. Free and without the need for prior registration.